Evidence gathering for vulnerability management programs has historically been made up of many manual tasks. Different individuals from separate teams gather information and attempt to consolidate the data to make it usable.
Vulnerability management programs have been designed to identify, classify, prioritize, remediate, and mitigate vulnerabilities most often found in software. One can imagine the sheer amount of data involved in the vulnerability management process and the next steps that come after a vulnerability assessment or vulnerability scanning.
Many organizations use the data collected to feed information technology security, risk management programs, application patching, attack surface reduction, and operating systems patching. One can see the lure of automating evidence gathering via vulnerability management integration when so many other processes depend on it.
Vulnerability Management Solutions
Vulnerability scanning is at the core of a cybersecurity and vulnerability management program.
Scanning enables information security teams to find vulnerabilities at a scale manual evaluation is unable to compete with. Vulnerability scanners evaluate security vulnerabilities, operating systems, and web applications looking for security risks and common vulnerabilities.
Evidence gathering is a key component here as it enables the prioritization of vulnerability data. The ability to tie vulnerability data and threat intelligence together in an automated fashion is what gives mature security teams the ability to execute security controls and resolve Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE).
How to Automate Evidence Gathering with Vulnerability Management Integration
Automated evidence gathering allows organizations to gather as much information and evidence about different types of attacks and malicious activities as possible.
Vulnerability management software and vulnerability management tools are on the front line acting as the scan engine for threat detection. Integrating the evidence collected with a Governance, Risk, and Compliance solution (GRC) like ZenGRC is critical to take actionable steps towards timely vulnerability remediation.
There are several security frameworks like NIST CSF, PCI, ISO, and SOC 2 that help IT security personnel builds robust security controls that leverage collected evidence for remediation purposes. However, the real power comes from the integration between GRC platforms and vulnerability management. Most often, the integration comes in the form of a plugin that facilitates communication between GRC and the vulnerability management system.
While a plugin enables the capability, there is often configuration that must be done. It is recommended that organizations automating evidence gathering with vulnerability management integration look for a GRC platform with out of the box pre-configured rules that are easy to leverage and replicate for additional use cases.
Automated evidence gathering with vulnerability management integration ultimately aims to ease vulnerability remediation. To act on detected vulnerabilities, the system needs evidence to tag the vulnerabilities and prioritize them for remediation.
Following a cybersecurity framework like the NIST CSF aids not only in IT security but detecting vulnerabilities in the first place. Automation allows organizations to exponentially scale the manual steps of identification, classification, prioritization, remediation, and mitigation.
The key to automating evidence gathering is having the right GRC and vulnerability management platform that has a robust connector between them.